Journal – August 22, 2021

Published August 22, 2021

Hebrews 1:10-14
10 You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. 11 They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; 12 Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed.  But You are the same, And Your years will not fail.” 13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?  14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?

HEBREWS 1:10-14

Vs 10-12 You, Lord The word ‘you’ relates to: But unto the Son He says (verse 8); it is as if He said: “But unto the Son He said. Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; and to the Son He said: You Lord in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth.” The Apostle affirms two things unto the Lord:

  1. You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth and created the heavens, they are the work of Your hands. Before there was nothing just space, of old they were not, but in Thy season, you gave being or existence to them.
  2. They will perish, but you remain; and they will all grow old like a garment; like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed. It is enough for the purpose of the Apostle to show that the work which was of old in the creation of the world, and that which shall be in the change or termination of it –which is no less an effective work by infinite power than the former—which are ascribed unto the Lord Christ.

But You are the same, and your years shall not fail. You remain the Son of God, God of very God, your years will not fail. The same thing is intended by these expressions, even His eternal and absolutely immutable existence. Observe:

  1. That the Lord Christ—the mediator, the Head and Spouse of the Church—is infinitely exalted above all creatures whatever, in that He is God over all omnipotent and eternal.
  2. The whole world—the heavens and the earth—being made by the Lord Christ, and going to be dissolved by Him, is wholly at His disposal, to be ordered for the good of them that do believe.
  3. That such is the frailty of the nature of man, and such the perishing condition of all created things, that none can ever obtain the least stable consolation but what arises from an interest in the omnipotence, sovereignty, and eternity of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Vs. 13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand,   right hand was a once for all event and made only to His Son; not to angels, (Psalms 110:1) to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool? Angels never heard such a statement addressed to themselves, but the Lord Christ was so addressed by His Father, He sat down on the throne and today He is still seated with all authority. This was not just to Christ’s Divine nature only, which is not capable of exaltation or glory, by way of gift; nor in respect of His human nature only, which is not the Head and King of the Church; but in respect to His whole person, wherein the Divine nature exerting its power in the will and understanding of the human nature, is the principle of those God-man acts whereby Christ rules overall in the kingdom given Him of His Father. The Apostle wants us to see Christ’s invitation to sit at the Father’s right hand, as He was God, He was David’s Lord but not His son; as He was man, He was David’s son, and so absolutely could not be his Lord; in His person, He was God and man. He was David’s Lord and David’s son—which is the intention of our Saviors question (Matthew 22:45). The thing spoken about is Christ’s sitting at the right hand of God. In brief, this is the exaltation of Christ unto the glorious administration of the kingdom granted unto Him with honor, security, and power; it is His reigning (1 Corinthians 15:25). The duration of His reigning is until I make your enemies your footstool. Now the kingdom of Christ may be considered two ways. First, in respect of the internal spiritual power and efficacy of it in the hearts of His subjects; and second, with respect unto the outward glorious administration of it in the world. In the first sense of converting and sanctifying and saving His elect, Christ has many enemies. The law is an enemy unto Christ in His kingdom; not absolutely, but by accident and by reason of the consequences that attend it where His subjects are obnoxious unto it—it slays them, is contrary unto them, and contributes strength unto their adversaries (1 Corinthians 15:56); all which discovers the nature of an enemy, Sin is universally and in its whole nature an enemy to Christ; so also is Satan a sworn enemy, the adversary that openly, consistently, avowed opposeth Him in His throne; the world also is the professed enemy of the kingdom of Christ. Death is also an enemy; the grave, and finally hell, are enemies to Christ and His kingdom. Now all these, as far as they oppose the spiritual internal carrying on the work, must be made the footstool of His feet. He is to have absolute, complete conquest over them; and their being made His footstool implies their perpetual and unchangeable duration in that condition. Then secondly, the kingdom of Christ respects His administration of it in this world, in the profession and obedience of His subjects unto Him; and this also with the opposition made unto it. The world understands not His right, hates His government, and would not have Him to reign. Kings, rulers, counselors, the multitude, have set themselves against Him. There are and have been many of them, His enemies. The aim and design of all these is to dethrone Him, by the ruin of His kingdom which He has set up in this world. In every age they have hoped to accomplish this, and continue to do so unto this day, but all in vain.

They will continue till I make Your enemies Your footstool. It is God the Father who says this

 unto His Son. There are sundry reasons why that work which is immediately worked by the Son may, by the way of eminency, be ascribed unto the Father. Power and authority to subdue and conquer all His enemies is given to the Lord Jesus Christ by the Father, in the way of reward of the travail.  Of and which He underwent in His work on the earth. Observe:

  1. That the exaltation of Christ to the right hand of God is the great pledge of the acceptance of the work of mediation performed on the behalf of the Church. Now says God, You sit at my right hand; the work is done, wherein my soul is well pleased.
  2. Christ has many enemies unto His kingdom; God says, I will deal with all of them.
  3. The kingdom and the rule of Christ is perpetual and abiding, notwithstanding all the opposition that is made against It. His enemies rage, as though they would pull Him out of His throne, but they are altogether in vain; He has the faithfulness and the power, the word, and the right hand of God for the security of His kingdom.
  4. The end wherever the Lord Jesus Christ will assuredly bring all His enemies, let them bluster while they please but it shall be unto them miserable and shameful; to the saints joyful; to Himself, victorious and triumphant.

Vs. 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation? Angels are created spirits, and therefore not to be compared with Him who made and created all things. Are they not all ministering spirits? In their ministry they are waiting on God in readiness to do His will. Sent forth to minister They are daily sent out, continually being sent forth—sometimes some, sometimes others—always those that are sufficient for His work. For those who will be heirs of salvation. For their sakes, for their good, in their behalf who shall inherit salvation. This privilege, among others innumerable and inexpressible, we have by our adoption; being admitted into the family of God, those blessed angels, whose special ministry respects that family, have as their constant care. Observe:

  1. The highest honor of the most glorious spirits in heaven is to minister unto the Lord in the service whereunto He appoints them.
  2. Such is the love and care of God towards His saints laboring here below, that He sends the most glorious attendants; on His throne to minister unto them in taking care of them.


Genesis1:28 Then God Blessed Them.

Original creation was blessed by God. He contemplated everything which He has made and behold it was very good. Mankind began its history in the glorious context of Divine blessing and communion. This blessed state, however, was short- lived. Out first parents were seduced from this blessed state of existence in fellowship with God and subsequently the human race was plunged into a state of sin, alienation and Divine condemnation. The instinct of man by nature, however, is to regain a state of blessedness, one of bliss and enjoyment, one of fulfillment and satisfaction. Under the curse, however, every attempt is doomed to failure. It is doomed to failure because it is sought apart from God and His life-giving Word, apart from faith in the imputed righteousness of the Lord Jesus Christ which is absolutely necessary to reconciliation with God, and apart from the necessary motive to glory God in all things. All human pleasure and the search for meaning, fulfillment and satisfaction must therefore inevitably fail. Man is simply looking in the wrong place.